National Iodine Deficiency Disease Control Program , UT-Chandigarh
The program is underway in Chandigarh since 1989 with the establishment of IDD Cell when the prevalence rate of goitre in Chandigarh was at a high 23.7%, with no idea of prevalence rate of other Iodine Deficiency Disorders like low I Q. Physical and mental retardation, abortions, miscarriages etc.
The Ban notification, in which sale of non iodized salt was completely banned in U.T. Chandigarh was made in 1976 and which is still being enforced in the city.
IDD monitoring laboratory was established on 2006 and every year more than 3000 salt samples from various places like houses, shops, canteens, Anganwadis etc. are picked up for checking the quality of salt. Also urine samples of vulnerable people like pregnant women and children are picked for iodine estimation in the laboratory averaging 700 in a year.
Health education to create awareness among school children, advertisements in villages, slum, colonies and people visiting dispensaries and sub centres and other consumers is done through various mediums like print, audio visual aids, rallies, lectures etc.The prevalence rate of goitre as per survey done in 2011-12 was 7.3%. The next survey is due in the year 2016-17.
BAN NOTIFICATION: Ban notification was done on 26th February, 1976 in which sale of non–iodized salt was completely banned for edible purpose. Chandigarh Administration has continued with the ban notification that was issued on 26.02.1976.
Details of Program Officers
Name of Program Officer : Dr. Sandeep Tandon,
Address: Deptt of Pathology, Govt. Multi Specialty Hospital, Sector-16, Chandigarh
PHYSICAL ACHIEVEMENTS UNDER THE PROGRAM
The cell was established in 1989 and the following activities are being performed:
a) Health Education to create awareness among school children, adults, consumers and general public regarding Iodine Deficiency Disorders and awareness to consume iodized salt only, through various mediums – like print, audiovisual aids, rallies, lectures etc.
b) Surveys among school children of rural and urban areas to assess PR of Goitre after every 5 years. Monitoring the adequacy of Iodization of salt and adequacy of iodine sufficiency in bodies i.e salt and urine analysis for iodine.
c) Quality control of iodized salt by doing salt and urine testing in IDD Laboratory of the samples (salt & urine) collected in the camps & during surveys. 50 salt samples and 25 urine samples are required to be lifted and checked for iodine levels every month. We normally overshoot our targets as indicated in the physical achievements.
d) Compilation and submission of reports of NIDDCP to Govt. of India and to State authorities for evaluation.
e) Normal correspondence with Govt. of India and State Govt. f) Procurement, making of audiovisual aids, print material and other material required in the program like iodine testing kits, reagents chemicals stationary and other material.
ACTIVITIES OF THE LAB :
|1. Urine iodine excretion tests -||Normally 50 samples are tested every month. Samples are collected during camps, survey and normally pre school children and pregnant women’s urine sample are taken.|
|2. Iodine in salt testing -||This is being done regularly during camps, exhibition and Health Melas. More than 200 samples are tested every month.|
|No. of salt sample lifted||Analyzed||Failed|
|No. of Urine samples lifted||Analyzed||Failed|
CAMPS: Till date (i.e. 31st March 2015) 175 camps were held in schools and Dispensaries to educate students and people to consume only iodized salt. Special emphasis is laid on correct purchase, usage and storage of iodized salt. Iodised salt packets are distributed. IEC material & MBI Kits are also distributed to school children and general public. Salt and Urine samples are lifted from students. Lectures to student from 6th Class till 12th Class on Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program is delivered by the Technical Officer, IDD Cell. Children are shown slides, posters, handbills and ‘MBI – on the spot iodine testing kits’ working is demonstrated. Spot test kits, posters etc are given to schools and pamphlets, booklets, handbills and badges are distributed among children. 50 salt samples are collected and tested volumetrically in IDD lab and10 samples of Urine from children of classes below 5th are collected for iodine analysis.
AWARENESS THROUGH MIKING: Awareness to rural people and slum dwellers was also taken up by playing taped message giving full details of Iodine Deficiency Disorder and on importance of iodine on the occasion of Global Iodine Deficiency Disorder Day i.e. 21st October 2014. One messenger was with the vehicle from which taped message was aired. The vehicle stood at one place, played the cassette and when the message was over, moved again to stop after 100-200 meters for playing the message again. In this way 5 village/colonies were covered. The miking was done from 9:00AM till 2:00PM.
SITI CABLE MESSAGE: For 30 days, i.e. from 10.10.2014 to 08.11.2014, messages on “use of iodized salt and importance of iodine” were displayed as scroll advertisement on local cable T.V. Channel. The scroll messages were displayed 25 to 30 times in a day.
Also one spot advt. with detailed information on IDD was shown as spot ad of 20 second duration in between Hindi News, 5 times in a day every day on the same Channel.
ALL INDIA RADIO MESSAGE: For 30 days i.e. from 10.10.2014 to 08.11.2014, message on IDD was recorded and aired through All India Radio. It was a 30 second duration spot aired at 8.00 A.M.
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISEMENT ON IDD: Advertisement on iodine deficiency were inserted in 1 newspaper in Dainik Bhasker on 21st Oct’2014.
SALT PACKETS FROM WHOLESALERS AND RETAILERS: At least 25 salt packets of iodized salt meant for edible purpose were lifted from wholesalers and retailers for checking the quality of salt and to check for the quantity of Iodine in the salt during the month of October, 2014.